Principals, agents and entrepreneurs in white-collar crime: An empirical typology of white-collar criminals
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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This study explores a nationally representative sample of 222 Norwegian white-collar criminals in terms of the roles they and their victims had in their crimes. Establishing a typology framework based on agency models, we point out the most frequent types of white-collar criminals and their most profitable types of actions. Victims of white-collar crimes are mostly participants in business transactions. As expected, top executives are a predominant group of white-collar criminals and their most frequent victims are owners. However, another type of white-collar criminal coined “entrepreneur criminal” turns out to be more frequent and making bigger profits in absolute and relative terms. These work within smaller, less established companies with less transparent governance and target a broad range of victims. Our data support the view that white-collar crime is based on competence, not deviant dispositions, and poses real but to some extent foreseeable risks to business strategies. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
This is the article as published in the journal, due to kind permission of Senate Hall Ltd. www.senatehall.com