How to Transform Large Organizations From a Legacy Way of Organizing and Working to Be Agile and Centered Around Autonomous Teams
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- Master of Science 
Purpose: This thesis aims to explore how to structure an organization to be more agile in the context of digitalization and find the common success factors and challenges the organizations face to transform. Hence, this thesis focuses on organization structure, digital transformation, agility, and autonomous teams. Design/ methodology/ approach: A qualitative multiple-case study of the IT departments in FINN.no and Statnett has been conducted. Data were collected through in-depth individual interviews with 12 participants. Subject: How to design an organization to be more agile in the context of digitalization, identify the common success factors, and identify the challenges that organizations encounter when undergoing transformation. Findings: Findings show that leadership, the establishment of autonomous teams, legacy systems, organizational change, and time to business were common challenges but differed slightly across the two companies. Common critical success factors like inclusive leadership, autonomous teams, trust, transition to a modular architecture, organizational change, and proof of concept consistently emerged. Research limitations/implications: Future research should further investigate the transformation in IT departments across diverse sectors and larger samples to validate these findings and investigate the impact of organizational structures. Originality/ value: The study contributes to practice and an increased understanding of organizing business and technology teams for fast flow. The analysis and discussions of various empirical findings shed light on the success factors and challenges of digital transformation, which many organizations are currently dealing with or will probably be dealing with soon. The types of organizational structure and how this impact the agility in an organization has yet to be thoroughly studied.
Masteroppgave(MSc) in Master of Science in Business, Leadership and Change - Handelshøyskolen BI, 2023