Patent Applications After TRIPS: A Global Shift?
MetadataShow full item record
- Master of Science 
This thesis explores how the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) has influenced patent application trends in developed and developing countries. It focuses on the patent system and analyzes how TRIPS implementation affects the number of applications from residents and non-residents. The patent system, as a crucial facilitator of innovation and economic development, has been a topic of ongoing debate particularly in the context of the TRIPS agreement. This treaty mandates the enforcement of specific minimum standards for intellectual property rights, including patent rights, amongst World Trade Organization (WTO) members. Our study conducts a comprehensive examination of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) laws across 68 countries between 1980 and 2021. It employs a Fixed Effects (FE) model using a patent protection index developed by W. Park and J. Ginarte in 1997 and subsequently extended. We refer to this index as the Park Index (PI). It serves as a crucial tool in assessing the strength and evolution of patent protection across the countries under study. This approach is supplemented by insight and experiences from an interview conducted with G. Holen, the CEO of Nordic Electorufel. Two principal hypotheses guide our exploration. The first suggests that TRIPS implementation prompts an increase in non-resident patent applications, whereas resident applications in developing countries see no growth. The second hypothesis proposes that TRIPS implementation triggers a larger relative increase in resident patent applications in developed countries compared to non-resident applications. Our findings lend significant support to the first hypothesis, while the validation of the second hypothesis presents a more complex scenario. The results from this investigation not only contribute to the ongoing TRIPS debate but also shed light on the intricate dynamics of the patent system. The nuanced findings underscore the distinction between resident and non-resident patent applications and the differences between developed and developing countries, thus offering a valuable foundation for future research.
Masteroppgave(MSc) in Master of Science in Business, Economics - Handelshøyskolen BI, 2023