The emergence of lean construction in the Norwegian AEC industry
Lohne, Jardar; Torp, Olav; Andersen, Bjørn Sørskot; Aslesen, Sigmund; Bygballe, Lena Elisabeth; Bølviken, Trond; Drevland, Frode; Engebø, Atle; Fosse, Roar; Holm, Hans Thomas; Hunn, Lars Kristian; Kalsaas, Bo Terje; Klakegg, Ole Jonny; Knotten, Vegard; Kristensen, Kai Haakon; Olsson, Nils; Rolstadås, Asbjørn; Skaar, John; Svalestuen, Fredrik; Vaagen, Hajnalka; Wondimu, Paulos; Lædre, Ola
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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- Scientific articles 
Original versionConstruction Management and Economics. 2021, . 10.1080/01446193.2021.1975041
Lean construction has inspired the AEC industry globally over the last decades, and this manifests within a wide array of contexts. The purpose of this paper is to provide a narrative-based qualitative analysis of the emergence and impact of Lean construction on a national level, notably in the Norwegian AEC industry. The analysis is based on the concept of paradigm shift and on empirical knowledge in the form of narratives. The narratives of practitioners and researchers provide deep insights into how Lean Construction has inspired the Norwegian AEC industry and academia, respectively. The reflections indicate that the introduction of the Lean construction principles and tools in the Norwegian AEC industry has depended on promoters who have been convinced about its advantages. The role of active promoters – in particular Dr. Glenn Ballard – is underlined as key to successful introduction of Lean Construction. Key cultural features of the Norwegian AEC industry are emphasized as important success factors. Lean Construction in Norway needs to be understood as a phenomenon occurring within a setting that is generally advantageous but also following an effort carried out on several levels. Key elements that can be used within other contexts are (1) the existence of promoters, (2) cooperation between industry and academic circles, (3) a high degree of trust and (4) a predominance of bottom-up organizations within the industry with few levels of hierarchy.