Investigating organizational change
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- Master of Science 
In today’s business world, most organizations have to change in order to meet the required demands from their surrounding environments, e.g. because of opportunities for growth, economic trends, consumer needs or new technologies. Most organizations have settled with the phrase “change or die”, which constitutes the importance of the changing. However, change is difficult to pull off, and most change processes ends in failure do to errors related to the implementation. It is important to understand which factors that can influence a change process, in order to enhance the possibility for successfully implement change. In this thesis we examine an organizational change process faced by the Norwegian consulting firm, Scandinavian Technology Institute. They have recently been acquired by Solar Group, and are now restructuring their business and implementing Solar’s knowledge arena, STI Services. By taking a qualitative approach, we investigate how the factors knowledge sharing, organizational culture and internal communication influence the change process, and why they are of importance. Overall, we find that knowledge sharing influences how the merging companies can benefit from each other’s competencies and resources, and improve their chances for succeeding in implementing change. We also find that the organizational culture is open and informal, and that it determines whether the change can be successfully implemented or not. Furthermore, find that internal communication is crucial in communicating the change vision, and develop commitment and motivation among the employees. We further find that the factors we study influence each other. We find that knowledge sharing can contribute to improving the organizational culture, making a more positive and collective culture. At the same time, knowledge sharing can enhance STI’s social capital and facilitate for interactions among employees, resulting in the production of information, new practices and competencies. Regarding their organizational culture, we find that knowledge sharing is affected by underlying factors, such as reciprocity, relationships, and power, determining whether they share and transfer knowledge. We also find that in order to cope with change, the internal communication has to be adjusted to the organizational culture for the sake of creating a shared understanding about the change process. We further find that organizational culture influence internal communication because it requires a communication form that is adjusted to their culture. Furthermore, we find that internal communication is important for enhancing knowledge sharing, because it provides easy access to knowledge through common arenas, networking and conversations. Finally, we find find that internal communication is essential in developing a social community, group identity and in shared understanding of the change process.
Masteroppgave(MSc) in Master of Science in Leadership and Organizational Psychology - Handelshøyskolen BI, 2017