|dc.description.abstract||Background: A growing body of literature on presenteeism is emerging from
various academic fields. However, the diversity in concepts, definitions, and
measures applied results in a conceptual confusion. The aim of this systematized
review was to examine the concept of presenteeism and to provide a current status
of the research field.
Methods: Five databases were searched for articles that investigated
presenteeism, and two methodological frameworks were combined to examine the
retrieved articles. Eligible articles were identified using specific inclusion and
exclusion criteria, and the selected articles were analyzed, and synthesized using a
Results: Of the 1395 articles identified, 95 articles met the eligibility criteria and
were included in the systematized review. The results show that researchers have
not reached a consensus on the use of concepts, definitions, and measurement
practices, which provides evidence of the Construct Identity Fallacy. Evidence
that provides an insight into how sickness presenteeism can be characterized as a
positive and negative phenomenon is summarized at the individual,
organizational, and societal level. Moreover, the results indicate that sickness
presenteeism is commonly portrayed as a negative phenomenon, based on two
main lines of reasoning.
Discussion: To develop a deeper understanding of how sickness presenteeism can
be characterized as both a positive and negative phenomenon, two issues need to
be resolved. First, there is a need for concept clarification. Second, the use of
single-item measures of SP is problematic, and it is necessary to develop
measures that allow for subtle distinctions in future research.
Conclusion: This systematized review provides a conceptualization of
presenteeism and sickness presenteeism, discusses important issues in current
research, and identifies future research directions.
Keywords: presenteeism, sickness presenteeism, sickness presence, sickness
attendance, sickness presenteeism, Construct Identity Fallacy||nb_NO