Evolution of high-technology clusters: Oslo and Trondheim in international comparison
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- Research Reports 
The issue addressed in this project is why the Norwegian cities Oslo and Trondheim are not among the internationally leading high-technology cities. While the two cities perform well in a national context and are home to fairly dynamic high-technology industries, it is the purpose of this project to analyse why the two cities are not performing well internationally. To develop insights into this issue, we need to identify the characteristics of dynamic high-tech clusters and determine the key factors – external as well as internal – which facilitate the dynamic processes of clusters. We also summarise policy issues related to cluster development, and in this way provide a basis for analysing policy options and recommendations related to the future development of high-technology industries in Norway. Based on these objectives, the report sets out by summarising recent theories in the field of clusters, innovation systems and innovative milieu. As illustrated in the report, there are significant similarities between the various approaches. Although the main focus may vary between the approaches, they describe in similar terms the important actors and critical processes which constitute working systems. After having outlined the main pattern of evolution and the current structure of high-technology industries in Oslo and Trondheim, an international comparison is presented.