Horizontal-Leader Identification in Construction Project Teams in China: How Guanxi Impacts Coworkers’ Perceived Justice and Turnover Intentions
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionProject Management Journal. 2021, 52 (6), 577-591. 10.1177/87569728211042509
Based on social comparison theory and organizational justice, this research explores how Guanxi with the horizontal leader (HL) influences coworker turnover intention. We used the snowball sampling method to collect survey data from 203 employees in 22 project teams. Overall, Guanxi with the HL had an indirect influence on turnover intention through perceived distributive justice pertaining to HL identification. Additionally, procedural justice had a negative, cross-level moderating effect on the relationship between Guanxi with the HL and perceived distributive justice. However, the individual-level moderating role of interactional justice was not supported. Theoretical and managerial implications of these findings are discussed.