Multiobjective Optimization for Complex Flexible Job-Shop Scheduling Problems
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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In this paper, we are concerned with the resolution of a multiobjective complex job-shop scheduling problem stemming from semiconductor manufacturing. To produce feasible and industrially meaningful schedules, this paper extends the recently proposed batch-oblivious approach by considering unavailability periods and minimum time lags and by simultaneously optimizing multiple criteria that are relevant in the industrial context. A novel criterion on the satisfaction of production targets decided at a higher level is also proposed. Because the solution approach must be embedded in a real-time application, decision makers must express their preferences before the optimization phase. In addition, a preference model is introduced where trade-off is only allowed between some criteria. Two a priori multiobjective extensions of Simulated Annealing are proposed, which differ in how the simultaneous use of a lexicographic order and weights is handled when evaluating the fitness. A known a posteriori approach of the literature is used as a benchmark. All the metaheuristics are embedded in a Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure. The different versions of the archived GRASP approach are compared using large industrial instances. The numerical results show that the proposed approach provides good solutions regarding the preferences. Finally, the comparison of the optimized schedules with the actual factory schedules shows the significant improvements that our approach can bring.