• When does informal enforcement work? 

      Aakre, Stine; Helland, Leif; Hovi, Jon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      We study experimentally how enforcement influences public goods provision when subjects face two free-rider options that roughly parallel the nonparticipation and noncompliance options available for countries in relation ...
    • When does it pay off to link a brand name to a country? 

      Nes, Erik B.; Gripsrud, Geir (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Some brands are associated with a country while others are not. From a managerial viewpoint, the main decision that must be made concerns when to make such an origin reference, and when to refrain from doing so. In this ...
    • When Does the Family Govern the Family Firm? 

      Bøhren, Øyvind; Stacescu, Bogdan; Almli, Line; Søndergaard, Kathrine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We find that the controlling family holds both the chief executive officer and chair positions in 79% of Norwegian family firms. The family holds more governance positions when it owns large stakes in small, profitable, ...
    • When Midway Won’t Do: The Curvilinear Relationship Between Intrinsic Motivation and Willingness to be Flexible 

      Solberg, Elizabeth; Lai, Linda; Dysvik, Anders (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Purpose Intrinsic motivation is held as critical for employees' willingness to be flexible (WTBF). Yet empirical research suggests that employees who find work intrinsically satisfying could resist work changes. In this ...
    • When private internal investigators turn against the whistleblower: The case of Norwegian police 

      Gottschalk, Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The business of fraud examiners in private internal investigations is important to many auditing firms and law firms. They are hired by public and private organizations when there are suspicions of misconduct and financial ...
    • When Public Recognition Inhibits Prosocial Behavior: The Case of Charitable Giving 

      Denis, Etienne; Pecheux, Claude; Warlop, Luk (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Commonly regarded as an important driver of donation behavior, public recognition also can reduce donations. With three studies, this research manipulates whether donors receive public, private, imposed, or optional forms ...
    • When Stakes are High and Guards are Low: High-Quality Connections in Knowledge Creation 

      Aarrestad, Martine; Brøndbo, Marthe Turnes; Carlsen, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      We provide a first qualitative empirical investigation of the dynamics of high-quality connections in organizational knowledge creation through a comparative analysis of two organizations involved in management consulting ...
    • Where are the fish landed? An analysis of landing plants in Norway 

      Cojocaru, Andreea-Laura; Asche, Frank; Pincinato, Ruth Beatriz; Straume, Hans-Martin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      A vast literature in fisheries economics focuses on drivers of fishers’ behavior with limited attention given to what happens once the fish are landed. This often strongly contrasts with a main policy focus on coastal ...
    • Where Dating Meets Data: Investigating Social and Institutional Privacy Concerns on Tinder 

      Lutz, Christoph; Ranzini, Giulia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The widespread diffusion of location-based real-time dating or mobile dating apps, such as Tinder and Grindr, is changing dating practices. The affordances of these dating apps differ from those of “old school” dating ...
    • Where do MNEs locate their headquarters? At home! 

      Meyer, Klaus E.; Benito, Gabriel R. G. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      We discuss the concept of corporate headquarters and outline a simple model of where MNEs locate their corporate headquarters. In line with substantial empirical evidence, this model emphasizes the inertial forces that tie ...
    • Where do parties go when they die? The fate of failed parties in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary 1992–2013 

      Bakke, Elisabeth; Sitter, Nick (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Thirty-nine parties have crossed the electoral threshold in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary since the collapse of communism. Twenty-three of them subsequently failed. Of these, only two parties managed to return ...
    • Where do we go from here? The future of B2B governance research. 

      Wathne, Kenneth Henning; Fjeldstad, Øystein Devik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Purpose This paper aims to identify promising areas for future business to business (B2B) governance research. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses a theoretical approach. Findings Most governance research in marketing ...
    • White-collar crime and police crime: Rotten apples or rotten barrels? 

      Gottschalk, Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      In the research literature on white-collar crime, there seems to be a tendency to claim individual failure rather than systems failure. Occupational crime is often emphasized at the expense of corporate crime. In the ...
    • White-Collar Crime Defense Knowledge: Predictors of Lawyer Fame 

      Gottschalk, Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The white-collar crime attorney is a lawyer who is competent in general legal principles and in the substantive and procedural aspects of the law related to upper-class financial crime. Based on a sample of 310 convicted ...
    • White-Collar Crime Defense Strategies 

      Gottschalk, Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The article considers three specific strategies applied by white-collar crime attorneys can be identified. First, substance defense strategy is concerned with when and how an attorney decides to defend the client in a ...
    • White-collar crime lawyers: the case of Transocean in court 

      Gottschalk, Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      White-collar criminals are persons of respectability and high social status, who commit financial crime in the course of their occupation. In a national sample of 305 convicted criminals, the average age was 48 years old, ...
    • White-Collar Crime Triangle: Finance, Organization and Behavior 

      Gottschalk, Petter (Journal article, 2017)
      White-collar crime is committed by members of the elite in society in their privileged roles in professional settings. White-collar crime can be explained by convenience theory, which suggests that crime occurs when there ...
    • White-collar crime: Detection and neutralization in religious organizations 

      Gottschalk, Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Policing religious organizations presents challenging situations. When there is suspicion of financial crime by white-collar criminals, secrecy and trust represent obstacles to law enforcement. This article discusses the ...
    • White-Collar Criminals in Modern Management 

      Gottschalk, Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Criminal behavior among executives is a complicated challenge in human resource management. Based on a sample of 305 convicted white-collar criminals in Norway, four groups of criminals are discussed in this paper: ...
    • Who Should Pick up the Bill? Distributing the Financial Burden of Technological Innovations in Schools 

      Geys, Benny; Hassan, Mamdouh (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Technological innovations in classrooms generally come with substantial financial price tags. Although the distribution of such financial costs is of critical importance to practitioners, (potential) users, and policy-makers, ...