• Access to treatment and educational inequalities in cancer survival 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Hægeland, Torbjørn; Rønning, Marte; Syse, Astri (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The public health care systems in the Nordic countries provide high quality care almost free of charge to all citizens. However, social inequalities in health persist. Previous research has, for example, documented substantial ...
    • Causal effects of paternity leave on children and parents 

      Cools, Sara; Fiva, Jon H.; Kirkebøen, Lars J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Reserving a share of the parental leave period for fathers is considered necessary for inducing fathers to take leave, and for men's increased participation in child-rearing. We investigate how a parental leave reform ...
    • Climbing the ranks: incumbency effects in party-list systems 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Røhr, Helene Lie (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Incumbents tend to have a solid electoral advantage in candidate-centered electoral settings. Do similar incumbency effects exist in more party-centered environments? We estimate incumbency effects in an open-list proportional ...
    • Do re-election probabilities influence public investment? 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Natvik, Gisle J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      An insight from dynamic political economy is that elected officials may use state variables to affect the choices of their successors. We exploit the staggered timing of local and national elections in Norway to investigate ...
    • Local candidates and voter mobilization: Evidence from historical two-round elections in Norway 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Smith, Daniel M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      What effect do candidates with local ties have on voter turnout and party support? A considerable challenge within the existing literature on the personal vote, including that part which derives from local ties, is ...
    • Local Candidates and Voter Mobilization: Evidence from Historical Two-Round Elections in Norway 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Smith, Daniel M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      What effect do candidates with local ties have on voter turnout and party support? A considerable challenge within the existing literature on the personal vote, including that part which derives from local ties, is ...
    • Local favoritism in at-large proportional representation systems 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Halse, Askill H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Pork barrel spending is typically attributed to the strategic behavior of political elites hoping to be electorally rewarded by voters residing in their districts. Such behavior is expected to depend on the incentives ...
    • Local favoritism in at-large proportional representation systems 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Halse, Askill Harkjerr (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Pork barrel spending is typically attributed to the strategic behavior of political elites hoping to be electorally rewarded by voters residing in their districts. Such behavior is expected to depend on the incentives ...
    • Mechanical and psychological effects of electoral reform 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Folke, Olle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      To understand how electoral reform affects political outcomes, one needs to assess its total effect, incorporating how the reform affects the outcomes given the political status quo (the mechanical effects) and the additional ...
    • Mechanical and psychological effects of electoral reform 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Folke, Olle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      To understand how electoral reform affects political outcomes, one needs to assess its total effect, incorporating how the reform affects the outcomes given the political status quo (the mechanical effects) and the additional ...
    • Norwegian parliamentary elections, 1906?2013: representation and turnout across four electoral systems 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Smith, Daniel M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Since gaining full independence in 1905, Norway has experienced more than a century of democratic elections, and has reformed its electoral system three times, most notably with the switch from a two-round runoff system ...
    • Norwegian parliamentary elections, 1906-2013: Representation and turnout across four electoral systems 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Smith, Daniel M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Since gaining full independence in 1905, Norway has experienced more than a century of democratic elections, and has reformed its electoral system three times, most notably with the switch from a two-round runoff system ...
    • Parties, Legislators, and the Origins of Proportional Representation 

      Cox, Gary W.; Fiva, Jon H.; Smith, Daniel M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      A prominent line of theories holds that proportional representation (PR) was introduced in many European democracies by a fragmented bloc of conservative parties seeking to preserve their legislative seat shares after ...
    • Political dynasties and the incumbency advantage in party-centered environments 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Smith, Daniel M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      A handful of recent studies have investigated the causal effect of incumbency on dynasty formation in candidate-centered electoral contexts. We use candidate-level data and a regression discontinuity design to estimate the ...
    • The contraction effect: How proportional representation affects mobilization and turnout 

      Cox, Gary W.; Fiva, Jon H.; Smith, Daniel M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      A substantial body of research examines whether increasing the proportionality of an electoral system increases turnout, mostly based on cross-national comparisons. In this study, we offer two main contributions to the ...
    • The Contraction Effect: How Proportional Representation Affects Mobilization and Turnout 

      Cox, Gary W.; Fiva, Jon H.; Smith, Daniel M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      A substantial body of research examines whether increasing the proportionality of an electoral system increases turnout, mostly based on cross-national comparisons. In this study, we offer two main contributions to the ...
    • The Power of Parties: Evidence From Close Municipal Elections in Norway 

      Fiva, Jon H.; Folke, Olle; Sørensen, Rune Jørgen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We show that small shifts in representation can affect policy in proportional election systems. Using data from Norway, we find that a larger left-wing party leads to more property taxation, higher childcare spending, and ...
    • Voting when the stakes are high 

      Andersen, Jørgen Juel; Fiva, Jon H.; Natvik, Gisle J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Most theories of voter behavior predict that electoral participation will be higher in elections where more is at stake. We test this prediction by studying how participation is affected by exogenous variation in local ...
    • Voting When the Stakes Are High 

      Andersen, Jørgen Juel; Fiva, Jon H.; Natvik, Gisle J. (CAMP Working Paper Series;8/2013, Working paper, 2013)
      Most theories of voter behavior predict that electoral participation will be higher in elections where more is at stake. We test this prediction by studying how participation is affected by exogenous variation in local ...